Category Archives: Research

Posts pertaining to research.

The beginning of the journey

Doreen Gunkel

Here is the story of the first 24 hours of the Journey…

Mini-me, packed for the journey to Iceland

Packed for Iceland

Mini Me had arguably the worst seat for the eight hourish plane ride on Icelandair with about a three hour airport wait prior to the departure. Her seat was only slightly more cramped than ours as we rode cattle car, middle and window seat. No way to stretch…

After the arrival, customs, and trying to figure out the Flybus that would get us on the next leg of our journey, she got the chance to stretch her legs and take stock in the surroundings. Continue reading

Wool Oiling Process

Greenland Gown Project

As I am getting started processing the wool for spinning, I have found in the past that I had problems controlling the static as I live in an area that has a normal lack of humidity, about 13% or less most of the year. Also, There is the problem of waste as the slightly shorter usable fibers would tangle and become difficult to pull into tops. My past solution was to use a spray bottle of water which helped with the static but did nothing to mitigate the waste.

I was talking with my fleece supplier recently and mentioned my dilemma. She said that I should look for spinning/carding oil as that is what she uses occasionally to keep these issues in check and so do the mills. As it had been awhile since she had bought any, that was all of the information she could give me .

With the little information I had, I went looking for a commercial supplier and found none that did not sell in less that large quantity and very few of those. My next endeavor was to look at a paper that I had come across in the search. In this paper I found recipes for several kinds of oil that were used along with varying methods of oil distribution. It is called “Wool Oiling” “Serial 475 Edition 1″ The publisher is “International Textbook Company”. A PDF of this section can be found through the University of Arizona and a search of the internet. (If you are unable to find it, please contact me for help) This is a

Fleece oiling experiment

Greenland Gown Project

Hello everyone. I know that I have been quiet these past days….Things at the house have taken priority for a bit. I have been working on the project though and will have the results of the new experiments out for all to see soon.

The topic this time will be lubricating scoured fibers and comparing various techniques from removing the dirt while leaving the lanolin (grease) in the raw fleece and how the combs react to this to scouring the fleece and adding carding/spinning oil to it and how that effects the combing.

I have found a recipe for the oil and have redacted the recipe (also will be covered in depth) to fit the smaller quantities of fleece I am doing at a time. I am liking the results so far.

The last time I tried to comb a raw fleece I found the grease clogged the combs up to the point I could not use them. Carding (which is out of culture for this project) may be different….

So, as you can see I have been working, just not able to write. Will write the results of the work I have been doing very soon.

Fulling or Felting

Greenland Gown Project


It is once again time for a blog post.

I just love research! It takes you to places that you would never think about going, yet they are supremely important to the whole outcome of your endeavor.

This week I would like to address the terms fulling and felting.

I found myself looking at material for the next paper and I started to see these terms very regularly interchanged in ways that had no real pattern. So, this is where I get distracted when I am doing research… SQUIRREL!

I found that I am not the only one confused by the terms. Not many writers, it would seem, can agree on things concerning this group of topics. I have basically distilled what I have seen for you. Please understand that this just means that I now add my own opinion to the pile.

As always, let’s start with the definition of each…..

Continue reading

The wool comb and it’s uses.

Greenland Gown Project

What is a Wool Comb and how is it used?

This week’s blog at contains information about the wool comb.

Wool Combs

Wool Combs

The wool comb came into existence very early in the northern European time frame.

Research and the search for writing

Greenland Gown Project

Hi everyone. I hope this post finds all of you doing very well.

I am going to deflect from the topic that I have been needing to write about again this week. I promise I will get to the wool combs soon. This is more of an update on the progress that is being made here. It helps me to put things into perspective to share with you.

In the past week I have been able to put together a hard outline for the upcoming research paper. This is a huge step as I tend to follow the leads where ever they take me when I do research. This more often than not sends me completely off topic with more information than I need to put together for the question I am answering. I am finding writing to be a completely different process than I had first believed.

So, lets start with the first time this question was asked of me during a discussion. Continue reading

Hand Carding Wool and Wool Cards

Greenland Gown Project

Hand Carding wool

There have been many questions over the time I have been working with the wool I use for this project. One of them has been why am I using combs instead of cards and some confusion about the difference.

So I decided to do a little hard topic research to educate not only myself but you as well. It will help me answer more intelligently next time I am asked these questions.

Gail Bennett was a great help in the research department this week and I would like to thank her.

I will now start with the most common item for fiber prep for spinning, the hand card. Continue reading

Additional washing method: Suint Fermentation

Greenland Gown Project

This method was brought to my attention today by one of my facebook followers.

A more indepth explanation is located on

Here is a brief explanation:

The basis of the science behind this, is the concentration of the potassium salts from the fatty acids excreted by the suint glands. The suint is alkali in makeup and combines with the fats in the fleece to make a soap. The mention of rain water is very important. Rainwater is soft and soaps works best in soft water. The drawback to this method is that it has a considerable soak time and depending on the greasiness of the fleece, you may still have to do a hot water/detergent wash.

Be well,


What to wash your fleece in

Greenland Gown Project

This week I am going to discuss the use of varying substances for washing and conditioning raw fleece for use in fiber production, mainly that of yarn. I hope you will find information of use in the post. Please do not hesitate to comment and share your own methods. This is a fascinating subject because of the multitudes of methods I have found over the past few years.

Why Wash Raw Fleece?

Because it is full of mud/dirt, vegetable matter, grease, and smell. I have found that my washed fleece works much better with the extra fine combs I use as well as the larger gauge combs. Grease tends to clog them making it harder to process the fibers.

What to use to wash fleece? (in this section I have drawn on several differing places. I have sited all information that is not my own.)

This is a debated topic in all of the circles I have traveled since starting this project. I decided to gather all of the data…and there was a lot of it, so I have limited the citations to just a few. Everyone has their own way of cleaning fleece. Read this and pick your own.

Continue reading

Research: Marta Hoffman WWL

Greenland Gown Project

Morning has broken! and I do not know how to glue it back together! LOL!

Well, I think I have all of the research material together….

Started working my way through Marta Hoffman’s Warp Weighted Loom yesterday…. Wow!….I am finding that her technical detail seems sound….but some of the conclusions she comes to may be a bit of an issue….

Now, I know there are some out there who look at